How to Build a Screened-In Porch: The Ultimate Guide to Porch Screens

How to Build a Screened-In Porch: The Ultimate Guide to Porch Screens

Posted by Rick R. on Feb 06, 2024

Screened-in porches are a perfect blend of outdoor enjoyment and indoor comfort; they are truly a unique space where you can enjoy the beauty of nature without the drawbacks of direct exposure to the elements. These porches shield against outdoor annoyances like insects and debris, making them ideal for relaxation, dining, or social gatherings.

While you can always hire contractors to screen your porch, a DIY approach can be fulfilling and cost-effective. With the right tools and guidance, you can transform your existing porch into a serene, enclosed space. This saves on labor costs and allows for customization to suit personal tastes and needs.

Understanding the Basics of Screening in a Porch

Screening in a porch involves enclosing an existing porch space with screens, creating a semi-outdoor area that offers protection from insects, debris, and light weather elements while maintaining a connection with the outdoors. This concept has evolved from the traditional Southern-style “sleeping porches” of the early 20th century, designed to provide a cooler sleeping area during hot summer nights. Today, screened porches have become a popular feature in homes across various regions, valued for their versatility and comfort.

The process typically includes installing a framework that holds the screening material – usually a mesh made from metal, fiberglass, or synthetic fibers. The choice of materials and design can vary greatly, depending on the existing structure of the porch, the desired aesthetic, and the homeowner's specific needs. Some opt for removable screens for seasonal flexibility, while others prefer permanent screening for year-round use. Additionally, modern advancements have introduced options like motorized screens and solar mesh, enhancing functionality and comfort.

Pre-Planning and Design Considerations

In this initial stage, you lay the groundwork for a successful project, ensuring that the final result aligns with your vision, budget, and legal requirements.

Start by assessing the size and location of your existing porch. The size directly influences the amount of materials needed and the overall design. A larger porch might require additional support structures for the screens, while a smaller one might present limitations in terms of furniture and usage. The location of your porch, whether exposed to elements like direct sunlight or heavy winds, will also dictate the type of materials suitable for durability and comfort.

You’ll want to consider your porch’s existing structure as well. Evaluate its condition and stability to determine if additional reinforcements or modifications are needed before installing the screens.

Step-by-Step Guide to Screening in Your Porch

Screening on your porch can be a rewarding DIY project. Here's an essential guide to help you get started:

Tools and Materials Needed:

  • Measuring tape
  • Screen material (fiberglass or aluminum)
  • Wood for frames (if building from scratch)
  • Screws and nails (and potentially screen enclosure fasteners)
  • Staple gun and staples
  • Saw (hand saw or power saw)
  • Drill
  • Level
  • Safety goggles and gloves
  • Screen Roller


  1. Measure Your Porch: Carefully measure the area you want to screen in. This will determine the amount of materials needed.
  2. Build or Prepare Frames: If your porch has no frames, build them using wood. Ensure they are square and fit snugly in the porch openings.
  3. Cut and Attach the Screen: Cut the screen material to size, leaving extra room on each side for adjustments. Staple the screen to the frame, starting from the top and working your way down, ensuring it's taut.
  4. Install the Frames: Secure the frames in place using screws or nails. Use a level to ensure they are even.
  5. Trim and Finish: Trim any excess screen material for a clean look. You may paint or finish the wood frames as desired.

Safety Tips and Best Practices:

  • Always wear safety goggles and gloves when cutting or drilling.
  • Double-check measurements before cutting materials.
  • Ensure your work area is clean and free of hazards.

General Cost Considerations for Building a Screened-In Porch

The cost of building a screened-in porch varies depending on the size of the porch, the materials used, and whether you choose DIY or professional installation.

Average Costs by Size:

  • Small Porch (10x10): $1,000 to $3,000
  • Medium Porch (12x12 to 16x16): $2,000 to $5,000
  • Large Porch (20x20 and above): $3,000 to $8,000 or more

Material Options:

  • Screens: Fiberglass is the most cost-effective, while aluminum and stainless steel offer excellent durability at a higher cost. Some screens, like the Screen by the Roll by ScreenEze, are available in various material types.
  • Framing: Choices include wood (most common and varies in price), aluminum (more expensive but low maintenance), and vinyl or PVC (mid-range cost, low maintenance).

DIY vs. Professional Installation:

  • DIY: Can significantly reduce costs, especially in labor. Suitable for those with some carpentry skills and time to dedicate to the project.
  • Professional Installation: Ensures quality but at a higher cost. Labor rates vary by region and the complexity of the project.

Cost Implications:

  • Material Quality: Higher quality materials increase the longevity of your porch but come at a higher initial cost.
  • Custom Features: Adding custom elements like unique designs, special screen materials, or additional fixtures can increase costs.
  • Maintenance Requirements: Consider the long-term maintenance costs of different materials.

How to Decorate a Screened-In Porch

Decorating a screened-in porch can transform it into a cozy and inviting extension of your home. The key is to balance functionality with aesthetic appeal, creating a space that reflects your style while serving its intended purpose.

Creative Decorating Ideas:

  • Furniture: Choose weather-resistant furniture that complements the size of your porch. Consider a mix of seating options for relaxation, such as rocking chairs, a small sofa, or a hammock.
  • Rugs and Textiles: Add outdoor rugs for comfort and color. Use throw pillows and blankets for a cozy touch, ensuring they are suitable for outdoor use.
  • Lighting: String lights, lanterns, or LED candles can create a warm ambiance. Consider wall-mounted fixtures or a table lamp with outdoor-rated bulbs for task lighting. It’s worth hiding the wires to make the lighting look professional.
  • Planters: Adding plants to your screened-in porch is a great way to create a sophisticated aesthetic.

Functional and Aesthetic Considerations:

  • Space Utilization: Maximize space without overcrowding. Use multi-functional furniture like storage ottomans or benches.
  • Color Scheme: Choose a color palette that complements the exterior of your home and the natural surroundings.
  • Plants: Incorporate potted plants or hanging baskets to bring in greenery and enhance the outdoor feel.

Seasonal Decoration Tips:

  • Spring/Summer: Use bright, cheerful colors and lightweight fabrics. Add citronella candles or torches for bug control.
  • Fall/Winter: Introduce warm colors, thicker textiles, and seasonal decor like pumpkins or evergreen garlands. Consider a small outdoor heater or fire pit for warmth.

How to Screen in a Porch on a Low Budget

Screening on a porch on a budget requires careful planning and a willingness to do some of the work yourself. Here are some low-cost screening methods and DIY tips to help you save money while achieving a functional and attractive screened-in porch.

Low-Cost Screening Methods:

  • DIY Screen Panels: Create your screen panels using wood frames and affordable screen materials like fiberglass. This approach allows for customization to fit your porch's dimensions.
  • Adjustable or Removable Screens: Consider using adjustable or removable screens for a cost-effective and flexible solution.

DIY Tips and Tricks:

  • Plan and Measure Carefully: Accurate measurements are crucial to avoid waste and additional costs.
  • Shop for Deals on Porch Materials: Look for sales or discounts on materials at hardware stores or online.
  • Recycle Materials: Reuse or repurpose materials where possible. For example, leftover wood from other projects can be used for framing.

Budget-Friendly Material Options:

  • Fiberglass Screens: One of the most affordable options, fiberglass screens are easy to install and effective.
  • Pressure-Treated Wood: For framing, pressure-treated wood is durable and less expensive than some alternatives.
  • Second-Hand Finds: Check second-hand stores or online marketplaces for used or surplus materials.

Maintenance and Upkeep

To ensure your screened-in porch remains in good condition:

  • Regular Cleaning: Clean the screens with a soft brush or cloth to remove dust and debris.
  • Inspect Regularly: Check for tears in the screens and loose frames. Repair or replace damaged parts promptly.
  • Protect Wood Frames: If your frames are wooden, apply a sealant or paint periodically to protect against weathering and rot.

Final Thoughts on Screening a Porch

Screening on your porch is a practical and rewarding project that enhances your living space and connects you with the outdoors. With the right tools, materials, and effort, you can create a beautiful and functional area for relaxation and entertainment. Remember, the key to a successful DIY project is careful planning, attention to detail, and regular maintenance.

Embrace the challenge and enjoy the satisfaction of transforming your porch into a cozy, screened place to relax.